The eradication of Mongolian culture begins with the eradication of the Mongolian language. In Inner Mongolia, an autonomous region of China, this has begun…

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China’s Communists set up Inner Mongolia in 1947, two years before seizing power at the end of the country’s civil war. It has served as a model for other “autonomous regions” with large minority populations, like Tibet and Xinjiang.

The regions are meant to have a high degree of self-government, but dissidents and rights groups say in practice the majority Han Chinese run the show, keeping a tight rein, fearful of unrest in the strategic border locations.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-innermongolia/china-marks-70-years-of-inner-mongolias-founding-activist-complains-of-curbs-idUSKBN1AO0YH

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06 Mar 2021 12:53PM(Updated: 06 Mar 2021 12:56PM)

BEIJING: Authorities in Inner Mongolia must “solve ethnic problems” and push the use of the Mandarin language, Chinese President Xi Jinping has said, months after the region was rocked by protests over a new rule that would reduce the use of the local language.

The region in China’s far north borders the independent nation of Mongolia, with which it shares ethnic, cultural and linguistic ties.

Tens of thousands took part in demonstrations and school boycotts last year after an edict mandated Mandarin replace Mongolian as the language of instruction, part of a nationwide drive to assimilate China’s ethnic minorities into the majority Han culture.

Rare mass rallies, the largest Beijing had witnessed for decades, were followed by a crackdown as armoured vehicles surrounded schools and police arrested dozens of protest leaders.

On Friday (Mar 5), Xi doubled down on the integration policies.

Speaking at an annual convention of political leaders in Beijing, he said Inner Mongolia should “unwaveringly promote the use of national common textbooks”, to correct “wrong ideas” on culture and nationality, according to a readout of the meeting in state media.

Last year, parents who refused to send their children back to school were threatened with layoffs, fines and students’ expulsion. In one district, officials offered cash to students who convinced their peers to return, according to official notices.

The clampdown echoed Beijing’s moves in Xinjiang and Tibet, where similar assimilation policies have been implemented.

Xi, in a nod to the unrest, said Friday that local officials should “persist in taking the correct path of solving ethnic problems with Chinese characteristics”.

For more:

https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/china-inner-mongolia-popularising-mandarin-xi-jinping-14347898?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

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By Global Times
Published: Feb 07, 2021 05:54 PM

North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has required all ethnic schools to use standard spoken and written Chinese language for the teaching of three subjects in some grades, starting from fall semester this year.

Students in the first and second grades of elementary and junior middle schools in the region will use unified Chinese, history, and morality and rule of law textbooks, which will be taught in standard spoken and written Chinese language, according to a notice issued by the region’s government on Thursday. 

It also noted that junior middle school graduates are required to sit in their senior middle school entrance examinations in 2023 in standard written Chinese language. 

For senior middle schools, first graders will start using unified textbooks for the three subjects mentioned above from fall semester of 2022, while students graduating in 2025 will begin using standard written Chinese language in that year’s national college entrance exams. 

The Department of Education in Inner Mongolia said that the adoption of the standard spoken and written Chinese language in everyday teaching and exams for ethnic students will not affect students’ overall entrance to colleges, as enrolment for ethnic students is separate from non-ethnic students, and enrolment ratio for each group remains unchanged. 

According to China’s Constitution, the state shall promote the use of standard spoken and written Chinese language nationwide.

The region’s education authority noted that the popularization of education in standard spoken and written Chinese language is conducive to enhancing the cultural and national identity of all ethnic groups and promoting comprehensive and in-depth exchanges between them. 

Chinese authorities had stressed that the using of the standard spoken and written Chinese language does not mean the ethnic language will be phased out after the Xilingol League in Inner Mongolia started its unified textbook program in September 2020.

https://www.globaltimes.cn/page/202102/1215204.shtml

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