All are equal under the law, but some are more equal than others
With courts appearing to practise double standards in high-profile cases, issues concerning preferential sentencing are coming to the fore
By Arjun Mohanakrishnan
Updated 39 minutes ago · Published on 29 Dec 2020 1:00PM · 0 Comments
KUALA LUMPUR – VIPs are no strangers to criminal trials, anywhere. Under criminal law in Malaysia, when a VIP is found guilty, a judge has two approaches when meting out a sentence.
First, the judge can hand down a harsh punishment to make the VIP an example for the public. In 1978, the eighth Selangor menteri besar, Datuk Harun Idris, was sentenced to four years’ jail for corruption.
During the judgement, the Federal Court had pointed to Harun’s position and profession, saying that he should have been a better example for the people.
Or, a judge could just hand down a lighter sentence. DAP veteran Lim Kit Siang was charged in 1979 under the Official Secrets Act for receiving confidential information.
Instead of sentencing Lim to prison, then justice Tun Abdul Hamid Omar took into account Lim’s position as an MP, only issuing a fine so as to prevent Lim from being disqualified as a member of the Dewan Rakyat.
In June, former newsman Datuk A. Kadir Jasin compared how former Sabah chief minister Tan Sri Musa Aman was discharged of 46 criminal offences involving US$50.1 million (RM202 million) but a Terengganu labourer was jailed 15 months for stealing petai.
Also, during the movement control order (MCO) early this year, a single mother was given a jail term for violating SOPs (which was later lowered to a RM1,000 fine on appeal).
She had questioned why the daughter of former deputy prime minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi’s daughter was only fined RM800 for a similar offence.
More recently, a man, rumoured to drive a luxury vehicle with a “Datuk” insignia, brutally assaulted a woman in Desa Petaling, but escaped with only a RM2,000 fine.
While it may appear like the courts are practising double standards, Bar Council Criminal Law Committee chairman Muhamad Rafique Rashid Ali said that there are many factors at play.
“On the surface, it seems like there is a disparity in sentencing (between VIPs and others). However, bear in mind that the facts of each case can differ,” he told The Vibes.
He said in some instances, an accused may plead guilty, while others may choose to prove their innocence at trial, which plays a role in deciding what sentence should be meted out if found guilty.
“Sentencing is based on a judge’s discretion. Sometimes, a particular statute may state that the penalty is up to one-year imprisonment, which means the judge can choose to sentence a guilty person from between one day and 364 days.
“The decision would be made depending on a variety of factors, including the rampancy of the offence, age of the offender, and whether the accused has previous records.”
Rafique said the judicial system itself provides a form of checks and balances from within through the appeal system.
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