MUMBAI, once Bombay



Mumbai,  a cosmopolitan metropolis, earlier known as Bombay, is the largest city in India and the capital of Maharashtra.

The Gateway of India is the most recognizable symbol of the city. It was built to commemorate the visit of the British Monarch King George V to India in 1911.

File:Gateway of India.jpg



A slum is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing and squalor. While slums differ in size and other characteristics from country to country, most lack reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, timely law enforcement and other basic services. Slum residences vary from shanty to poorly built, deteriorated buildings.

Slum – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Moon of the South
News from Africa

What are the biggest slums in the world?

Now for the big one: the world has five biggest slums, according to a news report by Daniel Tovrov published in the International Business Times.

  1. Neza-Chalco-Itza: in Mexico City, Mexico, the world’s largest slum with roughly four million people
  2. Orangi Town: in Karachi, Pakistan, only 10 years old but already houses   close to 1.5 million people
  3. Dharavi: in Mumbai, India. After Orangi, the largest slum in Asia, one million residents
  4. Khayelitsha: in Cape Town, South Africa. 400 000 residents in 2005, but reported to have doubled by 2010. Township with large portion of youth population, with 40% of its residents under 19 years and only about 7% over the age of 50.
  5. Kibera: in Nairobi, Kenya. Something between 200 000 and one million live here.



Published on Mar 21, 2013

The Oscar-winning film “Slumdog Millionaire” put India’s largest slum, Dharavi, on the map. Much more than a slum, this mini-city bustles with industry, culture and dreams. See the day-to-day activities and hear real-life accounts from its inhabitants, who have goals and aspirations — people who are struggling to survive in a community that defies expectation.

The Real Slumdogs HD

India’s Tourism Industry Thrives on Largest Slum

Voice of America

India’s Tourism Industry Thrives on Largest Slum

Aru Pande

With a million people crammed into less than three square kilometers – Dharavi is one of the world’s most densely populated slums.

Life-long resident Niyamath Khan, 70, recalled the transformation of what was once a small fishing village.

“Fifty years ago, this was an open space – now there are so many people here,” Khan remarked.

One organization gives outsiders a glimpse of life inside this bustling Mumbai neighborhood, through walking tours aimed at dispelling negative stereotypes of slum life.

Reality Tours and Travel CEO Stephanie Hays said visitors are surprised at what they see.

“That’s what people don’t understand, that there are hospitals, there are schools, and there are businesses. There is industry, there is everything in here, and I think people are shocked by that,” she said. “They are shocked by major streets running through. I think for me, the industry is what sets Dharavi apart.”

For more, click on

Images for dharavi


Dharavi – National Geographic –

Life in a Slum


Dharavi offers cheap, central accommodation in Mumbai

Asia’s largest slum, Dharavi, lies on prime property right in the middle of India’s financial capital, Mumbai (Bombay).

It is home to more than a million people. Many are second-generation residents, whose parents moved in years ago.

Today’s Dharavi bears no resemblance to the fishing village it once was. A city within a city, it is one unending stretch of narrow dirty lanes, open sewers and cramped huts.

Rents here can be as low as 185 rupees ($4/£2.20) per month. As Dharavi is located between Mumbai’s two main suburban rail lines, most people find it convenient for work.

Even in the smallest of rooms, there is usually a cooking gas stove and continuous electricity.

Many residents have a small colour television with a cable connection that ensures they can catch up with their favourite soaps. Some of them even have a video player.


Dharavi Slum – BBC


World’s Largest Slum For Sale

Dharavi Slum in Mumbai 450x337 World’s Largest Slum For Sale

Mumbai is India’s beating heart. Like any other mega-metropolis it is incredibly overcrowded and dirty, yet intensely beautiful. Within this one city of 13 million people lies a number of smaller cities each with respective industries – take Bollywood for example, or the slum Dharavi. Dharavi has consecutively topped the charts as being one of the world’s most densely populated slums with over 1 million residents. Like all slums, Dharavi is run-down, polluted, beyond crowded, with extremely high poverty rates. Yet unlike all other slums, Dharavi also happens to be for sale – in other words, it’s under threat of redevelopment.

Real estate aside, Dharavi is in a category of its own when it comes to ‘slum life’. In Dharavi, there is a strong sense of community and safety for its residents, daily visitors and labourers. Through the years, Dharavi has become highly structured and has organized its land and makeshift buildings into areas according to industries, services, and residential/community living spaces. In this slum, leather, pottery, textiles, and recycling are lucrative industries bringing in a collective revenue of over $600 million US per year. Productive and lucrative industries such as these are what keep Dharavi’s crime rate low and a sense of community webbed among the residents in such a densely populated slum. If a redevelopment takes place, this could all change.

Click on the link for the full article

The Sun Daily

Mumbai’s governing body probes collapse, suspends staff

Mumbai’s governing body probes collapse, suspends staff


The five-story building that collapsed Friday was the third deadly cave-in of a Mumbai structure in six months. The cause is under investigation.

The five-storey building, owned by the BMC itself and located on Brahmadev Khot Marg near the Dockyard Road railway station, collapsed around 6 am on Friday morning.


Mumbai mayor: Decorator responsible for building collapse, killing 66

By Lonzo Cook, Holly Yan and Sumnima Udas, CNN
September 29, 2013 — Updated 1230 GMT (2030 HKT)

People cry as they wait near the collapse site on September 28. Authorities ended rescue operations on Sunday, September 29, after pulling 33 survivors from the rubble. People cry as they wait near the collapse site on September 28. Authorities ended rescue operations on Sunday, September 29, after pulling 33 survivors from the rubble.

New Delhi, India (CNN) — Authorities say they now know what may have caused a five-story building in Mumbai to collapse last week: a decorator who removed a central wall and supporting beams without permission.

Ashok Kumar Mehta, owner of Mamamiya Decorators, was charged with culpable homicide not amounting to murder — a charge equal to unlawful negligent killing, polIce said.

Mehta’s business was on the ground floor of the crumbled building.

Mumbai Mayor Sunil Prabhu said Mehta removed a central wall and supporting beams in the residential building, which is owned by Mumbai’s city council. The building houses clerical employees of the municipal council and their families.

The council conducted a structural survey last November and determined the building was in bad condition and in urgent need of repair, the mayor said.

The city government approved funds for the repairs in April, but the money had not been spent.

Residents of the building were asked twice — in November and April — to vacate, Prabhu said.

The building in India’s financial hub gave way around 6 a.m. Friday.

AP/ September 29, 2013, 7:09 AM

Final death toll stands at 60 in Mumbai building collapse

Rescuers work at the site of a building that collapsed, in Mumbai, India, Saturday, Sept. 28, 2013.

Rescuers work at the site of a building that collapsed, in Mumbai, India, Saturday, Sept. 28, 2013. / AP Photo

MUMBAI, IndiaThe search for survivors at the site of a collapsed apartment building ended Sunday in India’s financial capital of Mumbai with a final death toll of 60 people, an emergency response official said.

Rescuers managed to save 33 people from the building’s wreckage in the two-day search. By Sunday morning, all 93 people listed as missing had been accounted for and the search was called off, said Alok Awasthi, local commander of the National Disaster Response Force.

The five-story building that collapsed Friday was the third deadly cave-in of a Mumbai structure in six months. The cause is under investigation.

High demand for housing around India’s crowded cities combined with lax inspections often result in contractors cutting corners by using substandard materials or adding unauthorized floors.


Dockyard Road building collapse: Rescue operation that lasted for 48 hours and 30 minutes ends

Friday, Sep 27, 2013, 8:32 IST | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA Web Team


In what was potentially the longest rescue operation, the effort to extricate people from the debris of the Mumbai building collapse ended at 6.30 am on Sunday morning. It lasted for 48 hours and 30 minutes.

Yogesh Pawar (29), a journalist with Marathi daily Sakaal, and his father Anant Pawar, who lived in the building, died in the mishap.

Ashok Mehta, the owner of Mamamiya Decorators, who allegedly carried out faulty and unauthorised renovation at his rented office-cum-warehouse on the ground floor of the building has been arrested. It is suspected that the renovation led to the crash, Sewri police said.


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