Gender stereotypes

__________________________________________________________

This is a work in progress. Come back for more….

_________________________________________________________

MY FIRST JOB WAS IN 1968, AT THE MERCANTILE BANK LTD OF INDIA, IN IPOH. The only woman employee was the secretary of the manager. A few months later, the first woman clerk arrived. Today, banks are filled with women.

WOMEN HAVE COME A LONG, LONG WAY SINCE THEN but if we stereotyping them,it will set them back.

I have a granddaughter, 3 years old, very pretty and VERY INTELLIGENT! I don’t want her stereotyped as pretty. She will be pretty and pretty intelligent!

stuff.co.nz

What girls hear when they’re called pretty

26/6/2014

EFFIE MANN

Girl

GIRLS CAN DO ANYTHING: ‘Isn’t it time we told her she’s pretty brilliant, too?’

A US advertisement has highlighted the impact of gender stereotyping on young women, citing statistics by the (American) National Science Foundation that reveal that 66 per cent of 4th grade girls say they enjoy science and math, but only 18 per cent of all university engineering majors are female.

…it’s impossible to deny the effect our chosen language has on young girls.

These parents see their daughter as delicate and pretty, their words are intended to demonstrate care and love, yet they inadvertently send the message that she is incapable.

These simple statements are all-too-readily trotted out, so ingrained are they in our culture and relationships. Despite best intentions, so many of us continue to engage with girls on a superficial level.

By placing such importance on appearance we run the risk of dissuading young women from pursuing careers in fields traditionally dominated by men.

http://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/beauty/beauty-news/10203514/What-girls-hear-when-they-re-called-pretty

WATCH THE VIDEO!

Video: Verizon Commercial 2014 | Inspire Her Mind – Extended | Verizon Wireless

—–

stuff.co.nz

The world’s first genderless person

ALECIA SIMMONDS

Last updated 11:42 08/11/2013

aa

DALLAS KILPONEN/Fairfax Aus
GENDERLESS: Norrie May-Welby won the groundbreaking right be be without gender … but that may be taken away again.

Today, the Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Australia will challenge the right that it gave to Norrie May-Welby and other transgender people in 2010 to legally identify as gender neutral.

The story goes like this: Norrie May-Welby is a fearsomely talented activist and artist who at the age of 28 underwent female gender reassignment surgery. But like many of us, Norrie found the choice between two discrete boxes of male or female slightly limiting. It just didn’t fit with lived experience: the Adam’s apple that told people Norrie was male, yet the lilting voice seemed ever so feminine.

On asking for her birth certificate in 2010 Norrie requested that there be a third box to tick: “gender not specified”.

The registrar of the Department of Births Deaths and Marriages behaved like any progressive entity should and said yes. Norrie was presented with a delightful piece of paper that legally recognised Norrie’s identity as neither male nor female.

For four months everyone celebrated. The Huffington Post whooped about “the world’s first legally genderless person” and transgender people toasted our nation’s acceptance of gender diversity.

That is, until Norrie received a letter from Births, Deaths and Marriages saying the document was “issued in error” and was invalid.

Read more: http://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/life/9378281/The-worlds-first-genderless-person

Malaysian Insider

Govt labour report shows more women employed as professionals – Bernama

According to the 2012 Labour Force Survey Report issued by the Malaysian Department of Statistics today, women featured as the majority in the category of professional employees.

The category listed 686,600 women, or 55%, against 559,800 men (45%).

Women also dominated the clerical support workers category with 843,700 persons, or 72.1%.

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/govt-labour-report-shows-more-women-employed-as-professionals-bernama

30 Jun

Attending the Inner Wheel Club of Subang, Selangor 3rd Installation with about 140 ladies.

—–

30 Jun

Women in leadership

—–

WOMEN FIRE-FIGHTERS

A gender stereotype: Men, not women, become fire-fighters.

One day in the late 1980s, a truck carrying a load of charcoal was passing by when the load exploded and a fire started. The driver stopped in shock, got down and looked at his load of charcoal, which was starting to burn furiously.

He had stopped on the other side of the road where our house was. He saw me, ran across the road, and asked me if I had a bucket. He needed water. I explained to him that he could have all the water he needed but it would be too little, too late unless he called the fire brigade.

“No, they would want  money,” he replied.

I couldn’t believe my ears! Never in my life had I heard of anyone in Ipoh having to pay for the services of the Fire Department!

Anyway, he began to fill a pail with water. That took almost 2 minutes. All this time, the charcoal at the back of his truck was on fire, and the fire was getting stronger.

He ran back to his truck, splashed the bucket of water at the blaze and ran back to get more water.

We decided to call the Fire Department for him without his knowledge.

By the time a fire engine arrived, the charcoal was burning so furiously that it was only a matter of time before the whole truck was engulfed. What if the truck exploded?

The fire engine stopped near the burning truck. Out jumped three women! Three LITTLE WOMEN dressed up in fire-fighter’s gear!

Spectators had gathered around by then.

One woman spectator said in a loud, horrified voice, “Sei-loh (die!), finished! Women fire-fighters? No use-la!”

Out jumped another fire-fighter, a man. He gave instructions to the three women fire-fighters.

One female fire-fighter climbed onto the blazing truck with a spade and began it to push burning charcoal off the truck, onto the road. The other two brought out the hose. One aimed it while the other went to clear the burning charcoal that was on the road, moving it away from the truck.

The woman fire-fighter on the truck jumped down. The one with the hose shot water at the burning charcoal in the truck, putting out the flames.

Once the fire was put out, the crowd left. Someone, a woman, said, “So lucky they managed to put out the fire! But women fire-fighters? What is the world coming to?”

The truck driver came to return our pail.

“How much did you have to pay the fire-fighters?” I asked.

“Nothing,” he replied in a puzzled voice.

——–

Read about a woman fire-fighter:

Andrea Peterson, 68-Year-Old Firefighter, On Her Path To Following Her Childhood Dream

The Huffington Post  |  By Posted: 02/13/2013 6:40 am EST  |  Updated: 02/13/2013 3:51 pm EST

Standing at 5’5″ and weighing 122 lbs, 68-year-old Andrea Peterson isn’t what you’d envision a firefighter to look like.

b

I was appointed to the fire department, and after a year I told my chief I wanted to be a firefighter. He’s half my age; he probably thought I was nuts.

I showed up for training, looked around the room and there were around a dozen or so guys who were 18 – 21 years old. They looked at me, and they said, “Are you one of the instructors?” I said, “No, I’m one of your fellow students!” There was a stunned silence and this sort of hostile feeling came into the room. There was no respect for someone who loved the profession or had life experience or who was older or a woman. I was there and it didn’t sit well.

I totally ignored the fact that I was little, female, older. I was a firefighter-in-training

A

Andrea Peterson, 68-Year-Old Firefighter, On Her Path To Following

——–

Gender-blind

The Free Dictionary
gender-blind
adj

(Sociology) not discriminating on the basis of gender, or not making a distinction between the sexes

—–

Malaysiakini

Selangor appoints country’s first female speaker
11:21AM May 30, 2013

DAP’s Hannah Yeoh (Subang Jaya) has made national history as the first ever female state assembly speaker when the Pakatan Rakyat Selangor government unveiled its new exco today.

Her deputy is Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad (Seri Setia) from PKR.

Selangor Menteri Besar Abdul Khalid Ibrahim announced the line-up this morning on his Twitter.

Selangor appoints country’s first female speaker

In the 10-person Exco, there are 5 women!

The other four women in the 10-person Exco

  • Dr Daroyah Alwi (Sementa, PKR): health, entrepreneur development, science, technology and innovation
  • Halimah Ali (Selat Klang, PAS): education and higher education, human capital development
  • Rodziah Ismail (Batu Tiga, PKR): welfare, women affairs
  • Wong Keat Ping, Elizabeth (Bukit Lanjan, PKR): tourism, consumer affairs, environment

—–

Gender-blind Selangor exco line-up springs up women’s power

Harakahdaily, 29 May 2013

May 29: No, there isn’t any of the patronising gender-based quotas reserving places for the ‘fairer sex’, and in spite of this, Selangor appears to lead the way in showing that its female elected representatives are no pushovers when it comes to ruling the state.

In keeping with Pakatan Rakyat’s commitment to be gender-blind and merit-based, Subang Jaya’s popular state assemblywoman Hannah Yeoh has been appointed as speaker of the state assembly, replacing Sungai Pinang state assemblyman Teng Chang Khim.

In addition, four Exco seats will see women running the show, namely Bukit Lanjan state assemblywoman Elizabeth Wong, Batu Tiga state rep Rodziah Ismail and Dr Daroyah Alwai from Sementa.

This also means PKR’s representation in the state cabinet – with the exception, of course, of Menteri Besar Abdul Khalid Ibrahim – is comprised of women.

The other is PAS’s Selat Klang state assemblywoman Dr Halimah Ali, who is being retained in the line-up.

The new Exco members will be sworn-in tomorrow at Istana Alam Shah in Klang. None of the state party leaders from PAS, PKR and DAP will be among them.

The line-up this time will comprise of four from PAS and three from PKR and DAP respectively, in compliance with a request by the Selangor Sultan that six Malays and four non-Malays be appointed to the 10-member council to better reflect the state assembly’s racial composition.

But men can still breath a sigh a relief to know that they are still not endangered, for now at least!

They are represented by Sallehen Mukhyi (Sabak), Iskandar Samad (Chempaka) and Dr Ahmad Yunus (Sijangkang) from PAS, and Teng Chang Khim (Sungai Pinang), Ean Yong Hian Wah (Seri Kembangan) and Ganabathirau Veraman (Kota Alam Shah) from DAP.

—–

SEX, GENDER AND GENDER ROLES

1 SEX
Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define people as male or female. To be male or female is a reference to the sex of a person.

Significant differences between males and females are that women menstruate while men do not; men have testicles while women do not; and women have developed breasts that are usually capable of lactating, while men have not.

2 GENDER
Gender refers to the
socially constructed roles, behaviour, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.

While both males and females are capable of driving a car, men are allowed to but women are not allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia (although this may be changing).

In most parts of the world, even when women work outside the home, they are expected to to do the houswork.

3 GENDER ROLES
A GENDER ROLE is how others or you yourself perceive your role as a boy/man, or girl/woman.

WHO | What do we mean by “sex” and “gender“?

IN TALKNG ABOUT GENDER ROLES, WE ARE BASICALLY TALKING ABOUT THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MASCULINITY AND FEMINITY.

There is a whole range of physical, mental, and behavioral characteristics distinguishing between the two.

4 BRINGING UP CHILDREN IN MOST CULTURES INVOLVES GENDER SOCIALIZATION.

The socialization of children, that is, the raising of children to become members of a society, involves socializing them into gender roles. Gender roles are a social construct, a creation over time and generations of what is expected of people by others.

Parents and grandparents, and others in the immediate and extended family, know what is expected, and though it is not as rigid as we often think, there are limits to what is possible within each role.

Others also get involved: peers, teachers and neighbours. The influence of the mass media and social media is inescapable. Movies, TV shows, music, books, magazines, religion, Facebook, etc, teach and reinforce gender roles.

All these form and shape the infants towards  gender roles, and with those roles, an identity bound up with gender.

*CLOTHES FOR INFANTS

Are these for a boy or a girl? You know!

C-4920: Baby Romper 包屁/平角哈衣

C-4918: Baby Romper 包屁/平角哈衣

WHAT ABOUT THIS? 🙂

C-4899 2 pcs set 两件套

*NEVER TOO YOUNG FOR TOYS. NEVER TOO YOUNG FOR GENDER-BASED TOYS EITHER!

By J. Gonzalez-Mena

Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall

Toys play an important part in defining gender roles. If parents buy girls dolls, dollhouses, high-heeled shoes, and makeup, they give one set of messages. If they buy boys chemistry sets, tool kits, doctor’s bags, building blocks, and wheel toys, they give another set of messages. Children learn roles and skills from playing; the toys they have to some extent determine which roles and skills they learn.

DEFINITELY FOR THE GIRLS!

bb

Tube Town Dragon'S Lair 0

Here is a little girl, just 18 months old, already aware of the right clothes and toys for her!

a

b

JUST WHAT DO LITTLE BOYS GET FOR TOYS?

Hotwheels Elite Ferrari F12 Berlinetta Red

aaa

——–

“…..sociologists know that adults perceive and treat female and male infants differently. Parents probably do this in response to their having been recipients of gender expectations as young children. Traditionally, fathers teach boys how to fix and build things; mothers teach girls how to cook, sew, and keep house. Children then receive parental approval when they conform to gender expectations and adopt culturally accepted and conventional roles. All of this is reinforced by additional socializing agents, such as the media. In other words, learning gender roles always occurs within a social context, the values of the parents and society being passed along to the children of successive generations.

Gender roles adopted during childhood normally continue into adulthood. At home, people have certain presumptions about decision-making, child-rearing practices, financial responsibilities, and so forth. At work, people also have presumptions about power, the division of labor, and organizational structures. None of this is meant to imply that gender roles, in and of themselves, are good or bad; they merely exist. Gender roles are realities in almost everyone’s life.”

Sociology: Gender Roles

——–

GENDER STEREOTYPES

Gender stereotypes are generalizations about the roles of each gender. They are inaccurate generalizations of masculine and feminine attributes

Stereotypes are inaccurate statements of reality. Unfortunately, we continue to function as if stereotypes were true and accurate.

Children grow up being socialized into gender roles but stereotypes tend to play a much greater part than they should.

Examples of gender stereotypes:

*Women are supposed to make less money than men.

This poses a real challenge to the professional women who have  a university education and a professional qualification. How do they find a man who is older than they are, equally qualified if not better, and earn more than they.

Remember the dictum: Men marry down and women marry up?

One aspect of this is that men marry women younger than they are; and women marry men older than they are.

Generally, men practise hypogamy (marrying down), marrying a person of lower social class or status; while women practise hypergamy (marrying up), marrying a man of higher social class or status than herself.

A woman who has a university degree, if she has no boyfriend before she graduates, has to look for a spouse in a much smaller pool of ‘eligible’ men, that is, of her age or older, equal in qualification or better qualified, earning as much as she does, and unattached. By the time she has worked for several years, that pool will have shrunk to something much smaller. More and more of the ‘eleigible’ men would have married younger, less qualified and less well-paid women.

The remaining men may not be worth marrying. These could be the ‘unwanted’, un-marry-able remnant!

——–

*Little girls are cute, and when they grow older, sexy.

Female gender stereotyping in action: girls aspire to a feminine ‘curvy’ figure…

a

——–

*Men are not nurses, they are doctors.

In the UK, male nurses were common. I know of several men, one a classmate of mine, and another an acquaintance, who trained to be male nurses, but could not find work in Malaysia. Nurses in Malaysia, FEMALE, would not allow male nurses to be part of the caring profession.

Today, more and more young women are studying to be doctors. Yet, the stereotype remains: women are nurses and men are doctors.

The photos below show some young women who aspire to be doctors. They study medicine at a medical school in Malaysia.

b

aa

a

——–

Boys will be boys. Boys are tough and physically capable.

Did this before?
If you did, you’re awesome 😉

a

My sons did this, as their aunt just reminded us all.

Her daughter could have done this but she was a girl! My grandfather, when he saw my eldest son and my niece climbing the grill-door, exclaimed, “Get down, girl, you’re a girl, not supposed to climb high. Will fall!”

His grandson was allowed to, but his grand daughter was discouraged.

Boys will be boys , and girls have to remain girls.

———

When a Malay woman, expected to be gentle and passive, rolls up her sleeves and challenges a man to a fight, expect everyone to be shocked.

Women are stereotyped as obedient and passive, whose duties including being obedient to her husband. Not Umno Wanita chief Shahrizat Abdul Jalil.

I have also rolled up my sleeves here (in court) several times, I am not spoiling for a fight. I’m a naturally aggressive woman.
Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, Wanita UMNO chief, explaining the stunt of rolling up her sleeves during her party’s annual general assembly last year.

Malaysiakini

5:20PM Mar 19, 2013

Shahrizat: I’m a naturally aggressive woman
a

Umno Wanita chief Shahrizat Abdul Jalil today explained the stunt of rolling up her sleeves and pulling up her baju kurung slightly during her party’s annual general assembly last year was not intended to show she was picking a fight with PKR strategist director Rafizi Ramli.

“I have also rolled up my sleeves here (in court) several times, I am not spoiling for a fight. I’m a naturally aggressive woman,” she testified at the Kuala Lumpur High Court this afternoon when being cross-examined by Rafizi’s lawyer Ranjit Singh.

Shahrizat: I’m a naturally aggressive woman

………

——–

Is Rosmah Mansor a victim of gender stereotyping?

abc

The prime minister’s wife said her prominence was a result of the changing role of women today. — File pic (Malaysian Insider)

Malaysian Gags

bbb

——-

Gender stereotypes are simplistic generalizations about the gender attributes, differences, and roles of individuals and/or groups. Stereotypes can be positive or negative, but they rarely communicate accurate information about others. When people automatically apply gender assumptions to others regardless of evidence to the contrary, they are perpetuating gender stereotyping. Many people recognize the dangers of gender stereotyping, yet continue to make these types of generalizations.

Traditionally, the female stereotypic role is to marry and have children. She is also to put her family’s welfare before her own; be loving, compassionate, caring, nurturing, and sympathetic; and find time to be sexy and feel beautiful. The male stereotypic role is to be the financial provider. He is also to be assertive, competitive, independent, courageous, and career-focused; hold his emotions in check; and always initiate sex. These sorts of stereotypes can prove harmful; they can stifle individual expression and creativity, as well as hinder personal and professional growth.

The weight of scientific evidence demonstrates that children learn gender stereotypes from adults. As with gender roles, socializing agents—parents, teachers, peers, religious leaders, and the media—pass along gender stereotypes from one generation to the next.

———————————————————————–

This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s