Was Qian Xuesen a co-founder of NASA? No. He was one of 7 co-founders of JPL. NASA did not exist then but was founded only in 1958 by Dwight D Eisenhower.
Qian Xuesen was put under house arrest in 1950. He left the United States in September 1955 after a 5-year house arrest.
On December 3, 1958, two months after NASA started operations, JPL was transferred from Army jurisdiction to that of the new civilian space agency.
Is Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) the same as The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)?
With Explorer I, JPL vaulted the U.S. into space and prompted the formation of NASA. On December 3, 1958, two months after NASA started operations, JPL was transferred from Army jurisdiction to that of the new civilian space agency.
History – Jet Propulsion Laboratory – NASA
What is Jet Propulsion Laboratory?
Founded by Caltech researchers, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is the leading center for exploring the solar system and more distant expanses that humans cannot yet reach.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory is a federally funded research and development center in the City of La Cañada Flintridge, California, United States.
Founders: Jack Parsons, Qian Xuesen, Theodore von Kármán, Frank Malina, Apollo M. O. Smith, Weld Arnold, Edward S. Forman
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civil space program, aeronautics research, and space research. Wikipedia
Qian Xuesen, or Hsue-shen Tsien, was a Chinese aerospace engineer and cyberneticist who made significant contributions to the field of aerodynamics and established engineering cybernetics. Recruited from MIT, he joined Theodore von Kármán’s group at Caltech. Wikipedia
Qian Xuesen, or Hsue-shen Tsien (Chinese: 钱学森; 11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009), was a Chinese aerospace engineer and cyberneticist who made significant contributions to the field of aerodynamics and established engineering cybernetics.
Recruited from MIT, he joined Theodore von Kármán‘s group at Caltech. During the Second Red Scare, in the 1950s, the US federal government accused him of communist sympathies. In 1950, despite protests by his colleagues, he was stripped of his security clearance. He decided to return to mainland China, but he was detained at Terminal Island, near Los Angeles.
After spending five years under house arrest, he was released in 1955 in exchange for the repatriation of American pilots who had been captured during the Korean War. He left the United States in September 1955 on the American President Lines passenger liner SS President Cleveland, arriving in China via Hong Kong.
Upon his return, he helped lead development of the Dongfeng ballistic missile and the Chinese space program. He also played a significant part in the construction and development of China’s defense industry system, higher education and research system, rocket force, and a key technology university. For his contributions, he became known as the “Father of Chinese Rocketry,” nicknamed the “King of Rocketry.” He is recognized as one of the founding fathers of Two Bombs, One Satellite.
Qian Xuesen: The man the US deported – who then helped China into space
27 October 2020
A Chinese scientist helped not one but two superpowers reach the moon, writes Kavita Puri, but his story is remembered in only one of them.
In Shanghai there is an entire museum containing 70,000 artefacts dedicated to one man, “the people’s scientist” Qian Xuesen.
Qian is the father of China’s missile and space programme. His research helped develop the rockets that fired China’s first satellite into space, and missiles that became part of its nuclear arsenal, and he is revered as a national hero.
But in another superpower, where he studied and worked for more than a decade, his significant contributions are rarely remembered at all.
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